Family - Pinaceae
Distribution - Austria, Finland, Germany, Norway, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom
Other Names: Norway Spruce, Baltic White Pine , Baltic whitewood, Common Spruce, European Spruce, European Whitewood, Finnish Whitewood, Fir, Gran, Northern Whitewood, Russian Whitewood, Spruce, Spruce Fir, Violin Wood, White Baltic, White Deal, White Fir, White Pine.
Characteristics: There is no difference in colour between the sapwood and the heartwood, varying from almost white to pale yellowish-brown and has a straight grain and a rather fine texture. The weight of the wood is about 470 kg/m3 when dried.
Working Qualities: The timber works easily and is capable of a smooth clean finish. It takes stain, paint, varnish and glue satisfactorily and nails and screws well.
Uses: Balusters, Boat building: masts, Boxes and crates, Carvings, Ceiling, Decorative plywood, Decorative veneer, Domestic flooring, Flooring, Food containers, Furniture, Joinery (external), Millwork, Musical instruments , Organ pipes, Packing cases, Plywood, Poles, Wainscotting.